1950 Ford Prefect



1950 フォード・プリフェクトについて


車名:FORD Prefect


フォード車として初めてデトロイト以外で開発されたモデルである。もっとも基本構造自体は、初期のEA39、7Yをわずかに改良した程度であり、前後とも横置きリーフスプリングと機械式ブレーキを装備した、戦前フォード流の保守的設計が継続されていた(この点では欧州のフォード社拠点でも、1939年型フォード・タウナスで小型車の油圧ブレーキ・流線型ボディ導入に踏み切ったドイツ・フォードに一歩遅れていた)。イギリス市場に特化してボア径と気筒数で規定されるというイギリス独特の馬力税において有利なロングストローク(63.5 x 92.5 mm)・1172ccのサイドバルブ4気筒エンジンを搭載、頑丈さとシンプルさによる耐久性が長所であった。6V電源のバッテリーがスターターモーターを回せないほど電圧低下した場合、クランクハンドルでもエンジン始動ができるようになっていた。


The Ford Prefect is a line of British cars which was produced by Ford UK between 1938 and 1961 as a more upmarket version of the Ford Popular and Ford Anglia models. It was introduced in October 1938 and remained in production until 1941. Returning to the market in 1945, it was offered till 1961. The car progressed in 1953 from its original perpendicular or "sit-up-and-beg" style to a more modern three-box structure.

The Ford Prefect was introduced in October 1938 and built by the Ford plant in Dagenham, Essex. The original Ford Prefect was a slight reworking of the previous year's 7W, the first Ford car designed outside of Detroit, Michigan. It was designed specifically for the British market. It had a 1,172 cc (71.5 cu in) side-valve engine with thermocirculation radiator (no pump) and the ability to be started by a crank handle, should the battery not have sufficient power to turn the starter motor, running from the six-Volt charging system. The windscreen wipers were powered by the vacuum ported from the engine intake manifold — as the car laboured uphill the wipers would slow to a standstill due to the intake manifold vacuum dropping to near nil, only to start working again as the top was reached and the intake vacuum increased. The windscreen opened forward pivoting on hinges on the top edge; two flaps either side of the scuttle also let air into the car. The car has a durable four-cylinder motor.